New method for making biofuels is cheaper and better for the environment


       Chemical and Biomolecular Engineers from the Melbourne School of Engineering have discovered a new way to deliver carbon dioxide to microalgae, which in turn, can be harvested to make renewable fuels such as biodiesel.

       Carbon dioxide is well known to speed up the growth of microalgae. However, the carbon dioxide has to be free of contamination or the algae die. Published in the research journal “Energy and Environmental Science”. The new method purifies the carbon dioxide that is in power station flue gases by absorbing it into a liquid. This liquid is then pumped through hollow fibre membranes. These hollow fibre membranes are like very long drinking straws, which can be immersed into the microalgae beds.

Carbon dioxide delivered to microalgae can be harvested to make renewable fuels.

       Professor Sandra Kentish, Head of the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of Melbourne and leader of the research team said that supplying purified carbon dioxide by extracting it from flue gases can work, but it is expensive and takes a lot of energy. In their work they have found a way to purify the carbon dioxide and to supply it to the microalgae for a much more moderate cost and using a lot less energy.


       Another team member, Dr. Greg Martin said that the CO2 moves directly from the liquid into the microalgae culture by permeating through the fibre walls. Apart from being a cheaper approach, their research has showed that the microalgae grow faster than in other works done now a days.


       Other products such as chemicals, proteins and nutraceuticals can also be produced using the same approach. The experiments were completed by PhD student, Qi Zheng, who is now undertaking further experiments to find the optimum liquid composition.



ENVIS CENTRE Newsletter Vol.14, Issue 3, Jul - Sep, 2016
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