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Protozoa
Toxoplasma gondii
Disease
Toxoplasmosis
Symptoms
Symptoms usually occur about 1 to 2 weeks after you come in contact with the parasite. The disease can affect the brain, lung, heart, eyes, or liver.
Symptoms in persons with otherwise healthy immune systems:
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the head and neck, Headache, Fever, Mild illness similar  to mononucleosis, Muscle pain, Sore throat

Symptoms in people with a weakened immune system:

  • Confusion, Fever, Headache, Blurred vision due to inflammation of the retina Seizures
Treatment
Those without symptoms typically do not need treatment.
Medications to treat the infection include an antimalarial drug and antibiotics. AIDS patients should continue treatment for as long as their immune system is weak to prevent the disease from reactivating.
Preventive measures
  • Do not eat undercooked meat, Wash hands after handling raw meat, Keep children's play areas free from cat and dog feces, Wash your hands thoroughly after touching soil that may be contaminated with animal feces.,
  • Pregnant women and those with weakened immune systems should take the following precautions:
  • Do not clean cat litter boxes, Do not touch anything that may contain cat feces
  • Do not touch anything that could be contaminated by insects exposed to cat feces (cockroaches, flies, etc.)

Pregnant women and those with HIV should be screened for toxoplasmosis. A blood test can be done.

 
 
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