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Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection
Vol. 46, No. 2, 2013; Pages: 243-252

Induction of defence-related enzymes in onion by combined application of fungal and bacterial biocontrol agents against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae

Subramanium Malathia* & Sreenivasan Mohanb



Basal rot disease of onion is a major problem in different onion growing regions of Tamil Nadu, India. Fungal and bacterial cultures were isolated and tested their efficiency against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae under in vitro conditions. Effective bacterial and fungal antagonists were tested alone and in combinations for the control of F. oxysporum f. sp. cepae in glasshouse experiments. Defence-related enzymes such as peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase were induced and accumulated in onion treated with fungal and bacterial antagonists. Defence-related enzymes were significantly higher in onion pretreated with consortial formulation of Pf12 + Pf27 + TH3 at 5 days after the challenge inoculation with F. oxysporum f. sp. cepae and gave resistance to onion against basal rot disease.

Keywords:onion, basal rot, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae, defence enzymes.

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