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Annual Review of Marine Science
Vol. 4 ,No: xx, 2012, Pages: 523-42


Genomic insights into bacterial DMSP transformations

Moran MA, Reisch CR, Kiene RP, Whitman WB

Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA.

Abstract

Genomic and functional genomic methods applied to both model organisms and natural communities have rapidly advanced understanding of bacterial dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) degradation in the ocean. The genes for the two main pathways in bacterial degradation, routing DMSP to distinctly different biogeochemical fates, have recently been identified. The genes dmdA, -B, -C, and -D mediate the demethylation of DMSP and facilitate retention of carbon and sulfur in the marine microbial food web. The genes dddD, -L, -P, -Q, -W, and -Y mediate the cleavage of DMSP to dimethylsulfide (DMS), with important consequences for ocean-atmosphere sulfur flux. In ocean metagenomes, sufficient copies of these genes are present for approximately 60% of surface ocean bacterial cells to directly participate in DMSP degradation. The factors that regulate these two competing pathways remain elusive, but gene transcription analyses of natural bacterioplankton communities are making headway in unraveling the intricacies of bacterial DMSP processing in the ocean.

Keywords:bacterial dimethylsulfoniopropionate;biogeochemical fates;marine microbial food web;natural bacterioplankton communities.


 

 
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