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Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Volume 121, 2022, Pages 232-238

Genome-wide identification and characteristic analysis of PGRP gene family in Tegillarca granosa reveals distinct immune response of the invasive pathogen

Hongxing Liua,b, Shanjie Zhaa, Weifeng Zhanga,c, Wenbin Yuana,c, Zhihua Linb, Yongbo Baoa

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Germplasm Resource of Zhejiang, College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Wanli University, Ningbo, 315100, China.

Abstract

The peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are conserved innate immune molecular in invertebrates and vertebrates, which play important roles in immune system by recognize the peptidoglycans of bacterial cell walls. Although PGRPs have been extensively characterized in insects, a systematic analysis of PGRPs in bivalves is lacking. In the present study, the phylogenic relationships, gene structures and expression profiles of PGRPs in marine bivalves were analyzed. The results indicated that the most PGRPs of bivalves were predicted to degrade the peptidoglycans and prevent excessive immunostimulation of bacteria. In addition, the results of the present study showed that the protein diversity of PGRPs in most marine bivalves was mainly generated by the alternative splicing of genes, however the alternative splicing of PGRP gene family was absent in Tegillarca granosa. The differences of PGRPs might be related to the genetic and environmental differences of marine bivalves. Spatiotemporal expression profiling in T. granosa suggested that PGRPs play important roles in the immune response of invasive pathogens. The present study describes a comprehensive view of PGRPs in the blood clam T. granosa and provides a foundation for functional characterization of this gene family in innate immune of marine bivalves.

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