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Land Use Policy
Volume 99, 2020, 105036

How dynamic is organic? Spatial analysis of adopting new trends in Croatian agriculture

Ante Blace, Anica Cuka, Željka Šiljkovic

University of Zadar, Department of Geography, Franje Tuđmana 24 i, 23000, Zadar, Croatia.


The preservation of biodiversity, improving human health and the development of rural areas through organic farming are among the main aims of EU and worldwide agricultural policies. This paper discusses influential factors and the dynamics of developing organic agriculture in Croatia. The main aim of the research was to determine the connection between specific socio-economic variables and spatial patterns, showing the concentration and increase in organic production. The methodology used in the research included a quantitative analysis at the level of the 556 municipalities covering various socio-economic indicators, which were then correlated with the data on farm sizes. A hot spot analysis was performed to determine high and low clustering. The results showed low but statistically significant correlation between dependent and independent variables. However, they did not indicate any prevalent reasons for the occurrence of organic farming. Qualitative research, which included the attitude of organic farmers towards organic production, was also conducted. The qualitative study results showed that the main reason for going over to organic farming was lifestyle-related, and is the principal driving force behind the significantly increased dynamics of organic agriculture development in Croatia.

Keywords: Croatia, Organic agriculture, European Union, Spatial analysis, Market.

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