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Advances in Organic Farming
2021, Pages 1-16

Concept and global scenario of organic farming

Dibakar Mahanta, J.K. Bisht, Lakshmi Kant

ICAR-Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora, Uttarakhand, India


The soil in this system is a living entity. The soil's living population of microbes is significant contributors to its fertility and must be protected. Organic agriculture nurtures the soil. Organic agriculture includes the interaction of humans, soil, landscape, plants, and animals. It maintains the relationships in a manner that ensures fairness, equity, respect, justice, and stewardship to all components. Organic food accounts for 1%–2% of food sales worldwide. In the future, growth is expected to range from 10% to 50% annually depending on the country. More than 71.5 million hectares of worldwide farmland are under organic management. Australia leads with 35.7 m ha, followed by Argentina (3.6 m ha) and China (3.1 m ha). The share of the world’s agricultural land for organic is 1.5%. The country with the highest organic share is Liechtenstein, with more than 38% of its agricultural land under organic management. There were almost 2.8 million organic producers worldwide. The country with the most organic producers is India (1.15 million), followed by Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Peru, and Turkey. Total retail sales of organic food amounted to almost 97 billion euros. The country with the largest market for organic food is the United States. Organic farming can meet the objectives of sustainable agriculture and the expansion of organic areas will increase continuously.

Keywords: Organic food, Sustainable agriculture, Australia, United States of America, European Union, Organic certification.

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