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LWT
Volume 141, 2021, 110956

Microbial community analysis of viable cells and genomes in kyejang, a traditional Korean fermented beverage

Jin-Kyoung Junga,b, Sang-Pil Hongc, Myung-Ki Leec

Food Safety Center, Pulmuone Institute of Technology, Pulmuone Co. Ltd., Chungcheongbuk-do, 28164, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The relationship between diet and gut microbial community is widely studied, and foods that might be sources of beneficial microorganisms have garnered interest. Here, we analyzed the changes in the microbial community of kyejang, a traditional Korean fermented beverage, made with nuruk, cinnamon, and medicinal herbs fermented at 10, 20, and 30°C for 7 days. Using selective media, the decrease in the numbers of Bacillus pumilusB. amyloliquefaciens, and B. subtilis colony-forming units was observed from the initial fermentation stage to day 7, whereas those of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus curvatus increased during this period. Next-generation sequencing revealed 719 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at the onset of fermentation of kyejang (control), confirming the presence of diverse microorganisms. Leuconostoc spp. was dominant for 7 days at 10°C and 20°C, whereas Lactobacillus spp. was dominant for 7 days at 30°C. Therefore, the microbial community of fermented kyejang was dominated by lactic acid bacteria; however, the number of OTUs decreased to 43 within 7 days of fermentation at 30 °C, indicating that the microbial community simplified as fermentation proceeded. Based on these results, kyejang is expected to contribute to the diversity of gut lactic acid bacteria and traditional beverages.

Keywords: Microbial community, Next generation sequencing, Fermented beverage, Kyejang.

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