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Bioresource Technology
Volume 329, 2021, 124853

Comparison of mesophilic and thermophilic dark fermentation with nickel ferrite nanoparticles supplementation for biohydrogen production

Jishi Zhang, Wenqian Zhao, Junwei Yang, Zhenmin Li, Junchu Zhang, Lihua Zang

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Science), Jinan 250353, China.

Abstract

In this work, nickel ferrite nanoparticles (NiFe2O4 NPs) was prepared to improve hydrogen (H2) production by dark fermentation. Moderate amounts (50–200 mg/L) promoted H2 generation, while excess NiFe2O4 NPs (over 400 mg/L) lowered H2 productivity. The highest H2 yields of 222 and 130 mL/g glucose were obtained in the 100 mg/L (37°C) and 200 mg/L NiFe2O4 NPs (55°C) groups, respectively, and the values were 38.6% and 28.3% higher than those in the control groups (37°C and 55°C). Soluble metabolites showed that NiFe2O4 NPs enhanced the butyrate pathway, corresponding to the increased abundance of Clostridium butyricum in mesophilic fermentation. The endocytosis of NiFe2O4 NPs indicated that the released iron and nickel favored ferredoxin and hydrogenase synthesis and activity and that NiFe2O4 NPs could act as carriers in intracellular electron transfer. The NPs also optimized microbial community structure and increased the levels of extracellular polymeric substances, leading to increased H2 production.

Keywords: Biohydrogen production, Nickel ferrite nanoparticles, Intermediate metabolites, Microbial community structure, Synergistic mechanisms.

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