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Bioresource Technology
Volume 260, 2018, Pages 248-255


An integrated membrane bioreactor system with iron-dosing and side-stream co-fermentation for enhanced nutrient removal and recovery: System performance and microbial community analysis

Ruo-hong Lia,b, Bing Lia, Xiao-yan Lia,b

Shenzhen Engineering Research Laboratory for Sludge and Food Waste Treatment and Resource Recovery, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, China.

Abstract

An integrated membrane bioreactor (MBR) system was developed for enhanced nutrient (N and P) removal and effective P recovery in wastewater treatment. The system consisted of an iron-dosing MBR and side-stream fermentation for P removal and recovery and side-stream denitrification for N removal. Around 98.1% of the total phosphorus (TP) in wastewater was removed by ferric iron-induced precipitation and membrane filtration in the aerobic MBR, and nearly 53.4% of the TP could be recovered via anaerobic fermentation from the MBR sludge. In addition, the fermenter that allowed acidogenic co-fermentation with food waste provided sufficient soluble organics for biological denitrification, and an overall 91.8% total N removal was achieved through the side-stream denitrification. High-throughput sequencing was applied to analyse the microbial communities in the integrated system, and important functional bacteria were identified for nitrification, denitrification, acidogenic fermentation and dissimilatory iron reduction through the different components of the system.

Keywords: Denitrification, Membrane bioreactor, Microbial community analysis, Nutrient remova, lP recovery,Sludge fermentation.

 
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