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Ecological Engineering
Vol. 82, 2015, Pages: 376–380

Comparisons of microbial abundance and community among different plant species in constructed wetlands in summer

Jian Zhang, Qian Wang, Jinlin Fan, Huijun Xie, Cui Liu, Shuang Liang, Zhen Hu, Zhongchen Yang, Congcong Zhao

Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China.


The performances of constructed wetlands (CWs) with different plant species have been extensively studied and compared, but no general conclusion has been found, especially in warm temperatures. Wetlands were planted with Phragmites australis (PA), Typha orientalis (TO) and Arundo donax (AD) were set up with unplanted ones as control (CT). The performances of wetlands in summer were measured. The microbial abundance and communities were analyzed with quantitative PCR (qPCR) and pyrosequencing. The summertime removal efficiency in CWs was not significantly different among plant species. Significant differences were found in the microbial community but not in the microbial abundance. Microbial diversities of AD and PA were higher than TO. Proteobacteria and Cyanobacteria were more prevalent than other bacteria in summer. The level of Proteobacteria was higher in PA (47.96%) and AD (45.58%) than in TO (33.54%). Photosynthetic bacteria accounted for 13.55% of the total bacteria in AD, followed by PA (13.07%) and TO (3.42%). However, more Cyanobacteria were in TO (26.09%) than in AD (12.62%) and PA (7.26%). Given that microbial abundances among the three plants had no significant differences, pollutant removal performances in summer were similar among plant species. Furthermore, a high level of Cyanobacteria can potentially be important in pollutant removal in summer.

Keywords: Microbial abundance; Microbial community; Summer; Plant species; Cyanobacteria.

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