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Microbiome Under Changing Climate
2022, Pages 313-331

Utilization of beneficial fungal strain/bacterial strains in climate-resilient agriculture

Sonia Sethi

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Malviya Industrial Area, Jaipur, India.

Abstract

Human activities such as industrialization, change in use of land patterns and deforestation has led to increase in the rate of climate change resulting in increase in emission of greenhouse gases. Due to this change there is much concern about the future changes which can cause direct and indirect effect on agriculture. Microbes can be applied in context to climate change induced stress in development of crop resilience. Plants living in extreme environments show symbiosis with microbes and help the plant to survive in stressful environments. Microorganisms respond, adapt, and evolve in the environment which is affected by change in climate. Arbuscular mycorhhizal fungi, endophytes, nutrient cycling and biopesticides producing microbes contribute to sustainable farming systems. Fungi and bacterial species like plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria and Trichoderma species are widely used as inoculants for biocontrol, biofertilization, and phytostimulation because they share the ability to improve plant nutrition, growth, productivity, and stress tolerance.

Keywords: PGPR, arbuscular mycorhhizal fungi, endophy, testrichoderma, biocontrol, climate resilence.

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