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Biotechnology Advances
Vol. 33 (6), 2015, Pages: 745–755

Bioremediation of soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, petroleum, pesticides, chlorophenols and heavy metals by composting: Applications, microbes and future research needs

Ming Chen, Piao Xu, Guangming Zeng, Chunping Yang, Danlian Huang, Jiachao Zhang

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China.

Abstract

Increasing soil pollution problems have caused world-wide concerns. Large numbers of contaminants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), petroleum and related products, pesticides, chlorophenols and heavy metals enter the soil, posing a huge threat to human health and natural ecosystem. Chemical and physical technologies for soil remediation are either incompetent or too costly. Composting or compost addition can simultaneously increase soil organic matter content and soil fertility besides bioremediation, and thus is believed to be one of the most cost-effective methods for soil remediation. This paper reviews the application of composting/compost for soil bioremediation, and further provides a critical view on the effects of this technology on microbial aspects in contaminated soils. This review also discusses the future research needs for contaminated soils.

Keywords: Soil; Heavy metal; Organic pollutant; Bioremediation; Microbe.

 
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