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Emerging Contaminants in the Environment
2022, 1-38

Understanding emerging contaminants in soil and water: current perspectives on integrated remediation approaches

Hemen Sarma

Department of Botany, Bodoland University, Rangalikhata, Deborgaon, Kokrajhar (BTR), India.


The volume of contaminated substrates (water, soil, and air) due to anthropogenic and technological sources has increased radically in today’s world. The environment is heavily polluted as a result of increased industrialization and natural resource extraction. A number of local, national, international, and intergovernmental environmental protection organizations are making policies to regulate emerging contaminants (ECs). The 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, which was adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, includes 17 sustainable development goals that urgently call to action all countries—developed and developing—to come together in a global partnership for the people of the planet. Thus every stakeholder must play an active role in its implementation. This is because contamination has become a challenge for environmental management today, necessitating the use of innovative and cost-effective measures. Many different strategies are being used to reduce pollution levels and for environmental cleanup. This chapter discusses processes that can contaminate soil and water from a variety of sources. Furthermore, various sources, categories, and their connections between biogeochemical transformations and the bioavailability of ECs in water and soil are discussed.

Keywords: Antibiotics, resistance gene, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, bioremediation.

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