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International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Vol. 54, No. xx, 2004; Pages: 1083–1087


Shewanella pacifica sp. nov., a polyunsaturated fatty acid-producing bacterium isolated from sea water

Elena P. Ivanova,1,2 Nataliya M. Gorshkova,2 John P. Bowman,3 Anatoli M. Lysenko,4 Natalia V. Zhukova,5 Alexander F. Sergeev,6 Valery V. Mikhailov2 and Dan V. Nicolau1

1Industrial Research Institute, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Hawthorn,
Vic 3122, Australia 2Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Far-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pr. 100 Let Vladivostoku 159, 690022 Vladivostok, Russia.

Abstract

Six marine bacterial strains, KMM 3597T, KMM 3775, KMM 3590, KMM 3772, KMM 3605 and KMM 3601, that produce polyunsaturated fatty acids were isolated from sea water samples collected from different locations and depths in Chazhma Bay (Sea of Japan, Pacific Ocean) and characterized to clarify their taxonomic position. The DNA G+C contents of these strains were 39?5–40?3 mol%. The level of DNA hybridization between these strains was conspecific (83–96 %), indicating that they represent a single genospecies. 16S rRNA gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis of the novel strains revealed that Shewanella japonica KMM 3299T was the closest relative (99% similarity). However, DNA–DNA hybridization experiments demonstrated only 45–50% binding with DNA of S. japonica. The novel organisms grew between 4 and 33 oC, were neutrophilic and haemolytic, and were able to degrade starch, gelatin, agar and Tween 80. The predominant fatty acids were (%±SD): i13 : 0 (9.3±1.1); i15 : 0 (33.9±1.5); 16 : 0 (8.9±1.6); and 16 : 17 (14.8±1.1). The fatty acid 20 : 53, formed at 28 oC, was present at up to 5.3% total fatty acids. The major isoprenoid quinones were Q7 (21–41 %) and Q8 (50–59 %). The phylogenetic, genetic and physiological properties of the six strains placed them within a novel species, Shewanella pacifica sp. nov., the type strain of which is R10SW1T (=KMM 3597T=CIP 107849T).

Keywords:DNAhybridization;16SrRNAgene;phylogenetic;physiological;Shewanella japonica;neutrophilic;haemolytic;Shewanella pacifica;radionuclides.


Corresponding author:

E-mail: eivanova@swin.edu.au

 

 
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