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Environmental Science & Technology
Vol. 39, No: 23, 2005, Pages: 9039 - 48


Microbial incorporation of 13C-labeled acetate at the field scale: detection of microbes responsible for reduction of U(VI)

Chang YJ, Long PE, Geyer R, Peacock AD, Resch CT, Sublette K, Pfiffner S, Smithgall A, Anderson RT, Vrionis HA, Stephen JR, Dayvault R, Ortiz-Bernad I, Lovley DR, White DC

University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA.

Abstract

A field-scale acetate amendment experiment was performed in a contaminated aquifer at Old Rifle, CO to stimulate in situ microbial reduction of U(VI) in groundwater. To evaluate the microorganisms responsible for microbial uranium reduction during the experiment, 13C-labeled acetate was introduced into well bores via bio-traps containing porous activated carbon beads (Bio-Sep). Incorporation of the 13C from labeled acetate into cellular DNA and phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) biomarkers was analyzed in parallel with geochemical parameters. An enrichment of active sigma-proteobacteria was demonstrated in downgradient monitoring wells: Geobacter dominated in wells closer to the acetate injection gallery, while various sulfate reducers were prominent in different downgradient wells. These results were consistent with the geochemical evidence of Fe(III), U(VI), and SO(4)2- reduction. PLFA profiling of bio-traps suspended in the monitoring wells also showed the incorporation of 13C into bacterial cellular lipids. Community composition of downgradient monitoring wells based on quinone and PLFA profiling was in general agreement with the 13C-DNA result. The direct application of 13C label to biosystems, coupled with DNA and PLFA analysis.

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