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Environmental Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
2021, Pages 65-88

Microbe-assisted management and recovery of heavy metals from electronic wastes

R.M.Murugappan, M.Karthikeyan

Department of Zoology and Microbiology, Thiagarajar College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Solid waste management, which is already a mammoth task in most of the developing nations including India, has become more complicated by the invasion of e-waste, particularly computer waste. This problem has become more acute owing to the rapid obsolescence rate of electronic goods. E-waste contains thousands of hazardous chemicals that come into the environment due to its improper recycling and disposal. In India, the nonformal sector is the major player responsible for the recycling of e-waste. Such an informal sector does not possess sufficient means to handle the increasing quantities of generated e-wastes, leading to potential intolerable risks for the human, animal, and environmental health. Further, the lack of public awareness regarding the disposal of electronic goods and the inadequacy of policies to handle the issues related to e-waste enhance the existing problem in India. Therefore, it is exceedingly essential to address issues pertaining to ever-growing pile of e-wastes in the country. Hence, the objectives of this review are to focus on factors leading to e-waste generation, their impact on “One Health,” and to briefly address the strategies of management and recycling for overall sustainable development.

Keywords: E-waste, One health, Risks, Status, Strategies.

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