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Vol. 70, No. 5, 2004; Pages: 2959–2965

Isolation, Characterization, and U(VI)-Reducing Potential of a Facultatively Anaerobic, Acid-Resistant Bacterium from Low-pH, Nitrate- and U(VI)-Contaminated
Subsurface Sediment and Description of Salmonella subterranea sp. nov.

Evgenya S. Shelobolina, Sara A. Sullivan, Kathleen R. O’Neill, Kelly P. Nevin,
and Derek R. Lovley*

Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts, Morrill Science Center IVN, Amherst,
MA 01003.


A facultatively anaerobic, acid-resistant bacterium, designated strain FRCl, was isolated from a low-pH, nitrate- and U(VI)-contaminated subsurface sediment at site FW-024 at the Natural and Accelerated Bioremediation Research Field Research Center in Oak Ridge, Tenn. Strain FRCl was enriched at pH 4.5 in minimal medium with nitrate as the electron acceptor, hydrogen as the electron donor, and acetate as the carbon source. Clones with 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences identical to the sequence of strain FRCl were also detected in a U(VI)-reducing enrichment culture derived from the same sediment. Cells of strain FRCl were gramnegative motile regular rods 2.0 to 3.4 m long and 0.7 to 0.9 m in diameter. Strain FRCl was positive for indole production, by the methyl red test, and for ornithine decarboxylase; it was negative by the Voges- Proskauer test (for acetylmethylcarbinol production), for urea hydrolysis, for arginine dihydrolase, for lysine decarboxylase, for phenylalanine deaminase, for H2S production, and for gelatin hydrolysis. Strain FRCl was capable of using O2, NO3- , S2O32-fumarate, and malate as terminal electron acceptors and of reducing U(VI) in the cell suspension. Analysis of the 16S rDNA sequence of the isolate indicated that this strain was 96.4% similar to Salmonella bongori and 96.3% similar to Enterobacter cloacae. Physiological and phylogenetic analyses suggested that strain FRCl belongs to the genus Salmonella and represents a new species, Salmonella subterranea sp. nov.

Keywords:Salmonella subterranea sp.,microorganisms,acid-resistant bacterium,FRCl,16S rDNA,Salmonella bongori,Enterobacter cloacae,Salmonella subterranea,radionuclides.

Corresponding author: Phone (413) 545-9651. Fax (413) 545-1578.

E-mail: dlovley@microbio.umass.edu.


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