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Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Vol. 373 (2036), 2015, Pages: 1–22

Impact of the Diamond Light Source on research in Earth and environmental sciences: current work and future perspectives

Ian T. Burke, J. Frederick W. Mosselmans, Samuel Shaw, Caroline L. Peacock, Liane G. Benning and Victoria S. Coker

Earth Surface Science Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Abstract

Diamond Light Source Ltd celebrated its 10th anniversary as a company in December 2012 and has now accepted user experiments for over 5 years. This paper describes the current facilities available at Diamond and future developments that enhance its capacities with respect to the Earth and environmental sciences. A review of relevant research conducted at Diamond thus far is provided. This highlights how synchrotron-based studies have brought about important advances in our understanding of the fundamental parameters controlling highly complex mineral–fluid–microbe interface reactions in the natural environment. This new knowledge not only enhances our understanding of global biogeochemical processes, but also provides the opportunity for interventions to be designed for environmental remediation and beneficial use.

Keywords: environmental science, synchrotron, pollution, minerals, nanomaterials, chemical speciation.


 
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