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Journal of the European Ceramic Society
Volume 42 (6), 2022, Pages 3004-3014

Hydrothermal synthesis and spark plasma sintering of NaY zeolite as solid-state matrices for cesium-137 immobilization

O.O. Shichalina, E.K. Papynova, V.A. Nepomnyushchayaa, A.I. Ivanetsb, A.A. Belova, A.N. Draníkova, S.B. Yarusovac

Far Eastern Federal University, 10 Ajax Bay, Russky Island, 690922 Vladivostok, Russia.

Abstract

Hydrothermal synthesis of NaY-type zeolite was carried out and the effect of temperature on the phase composition, crystal structure, textural characteristics, particle size and morphology, as well as sorption properties to Cs+ ions was studied. Solid-state matrices based on NaY zeolite the Faujasite structure containing 26.1 wt% cesium were obtained by spark plasma sintering (SPS) with high values of compressive strength (to 132.9 MPa) and Vickers microhardness to HV~ 698, Fracture toughness (K1c) ~ 1.26 MPa m1/2. The kinetics of ceramic matrices consolidation, phase composition and morphology using dilatometric studies, XRD, and SEM were studied. The thermogravimetric analysis shown the high thermal stability of the obtained samples up to 1300 °C. The high hydrolytic stability of CsAlSiO4 ceramic was proven (leaching rate of 2.33 ×10−8 g·cm−2·day−1 and cesium diffusion coefficient De 1.41 ×10−13), which exceeds the requirements of GOST R 50926–96 and ISO 6961:1982 for solid-state matrices.

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