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Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Vol. 16, No. xx, 2005; Pages: 254–260


Bioremediation of radioactive waste:radionuclide–microbe
interactions in laboratory and field-scale studies

Jonathan R Lloyd and Joanna C Renshaw

Williamson Research Centre for Molecular Environmental Science and School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.


Abstract

Given the scale of the contamination associated with 60 years of global nuclear activity, and the inherent high financial and environmental costs associated with invasive physical and chemical clean-up strategies, there is an unparalleled interest in new passive in situ bioremediation processes for sites contaminated with nuclear waste. Many of these processes rely on successfully harnessing newly discovered natural biogeochemical cycles for key radionuclides and fission products. Recent advances have been made in understanding the microbial colonization of radioactive environments and the biological basis of microbial transformations of radioactive waste in these settings.

Keywords:insitubioremediation,microbialtransformations,radionuclide–microbe,Actinomycetales,-Proteobacteria,Bacillus/Staphylococcus,fungus,Aspergillus species,radionuclides.


Corresponding author:

E-mail: jon.lloyd@manchester.ac.uk

 

 
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