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Science of the Total Environment
Vol. 338, No. xx, 2005; Pages: 283– 290


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi mediated uptake of 137Cs in leek and ryegrass

Klas Rosena,*, Zhong Weilianga,b, Anna Martenssona

Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences P.O. Box 7014, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.


Abstract

In a first experiment of soil contaminated with 137Cs, inoculation with a mixture of arbuscular mycorrhizae enhanced the uptake of 137Cs by leek under greenhouse conditions, while no effect on the uptake by ryegrass was observed. The mycorrhizal infection frequency in leek was independent of whether the 137Cs-contaminated soil was inoculated with mycorrhizal spores or not. The lack of mycorrhizae-mediated uptake of 137Cs in ryegrass could be due to the high root density, which was about four times that of leek, or due to a less well functioning mycorrhizal symbiosis than of leek. In a second experiment, ryegrass was grown for a period of four cuts. Additions of fungi enhanced 137Cs uptake of all harvests, improved dry weight production in the first cut, and also improved the mycorrhizal infection frequencies in the roots. No differences were obtained between the two fungal inoculums investigated with respect to biomass production or 137Cs uptake, but root colonization differed. We conclude that, under certain circumstances, mycorrhizae affect plant uptake of 137Cs. There may be a potential for selecting fungal strains that stimulate 137Cs accumulation in crops. The use of ryegrass seems to be rather ineffective for remediation of 137Cscontaminated soil.

Keywords: Arbuscular mycorrhizae, AMF, Caesium, 137Cs, Ryegrass, Leek, Radionuclides,arbuscular mycorrhizae,radionuclides.


Corresponding author: Tel +46 18 67 12 85; fax +46 18 67 27 9

E-mail: Klas.Rosen@mv.slu.se

 

 
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