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Materials Research Bulletin
Volume 150, 2022, 111760

Precisely control the ultraviolet to blue light conversion for plant growth: Rigid crystal structure, lattice substitution and flux effect in the Ca1.1Sr0.9SiO4:Ce3+, Li+ phosphor

Yue Chen, Xue Zheng, Yue He, Yue Han, Jilin Zhang, Zhongxian Qiu, Wenli Zhou, Liping Yu, Shixun Lian

Key Laboratory of Light-Energy Conversion Materials of Hunan Province College, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Traditional Chinese Medicine Research, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan 410081, China.


A series of Ce3+-doped Ca1.1Sr0.9SiO4-based phosphors has led to the development of a fingerprint spectrum to precisely tune the UV to blue light conversion for application in the photosynthesis of different plants in agriculture. The addition of MX2 flux (M = Ca, Ba; X = Cl, Br) not only remarkably enhances the luminescence efficiency, but also fine tunes the photoluminescence (PL) wavelength and photoluminescent excitation (PLE) peaks. With increasing Al content doping in the Si site, the excitation and emission peaks of the Ca1.08Sr0.88Si1-zAlzO4:0.02Ce3+,0.02Li+,0.04CaCl2 (CSSA:CeLiCaCl) phosphor shift to longer wavelengths, i.e. from 367 (z = 0) to 373 (z = 0.04) nm and from 429 (z = 0) to 448 (z = 0.04) nm, respectively, along with an increase of the luminescence intensity. Rietveld refinement of the XRD data for Ca2-ySrySiO4 (y = 0.8, 0.9, 1.0) revealed that Ca1.1Sr0.9SiO4 has the highest rigidity, which can be correlated with the shortest Si-O bond length and strongest bond energy along the series. The crystal structure and unit cell parameters of CSSA:CeLiCaCl (z = 0, 0.03 and 0.05) were also obtained, revealing that the efficient and tunable blue emission of the CSSA:CeLiCaCl phosphors can be attributed to the crystal structure distortions induced by the [(Si/ Al)O4] tetrahedron, while high rigidity is maintained. The combined effects of the Si4+ substitution by Al3+ and flux addition on the crystal structure and luminescence properties of the Ce3+-doped Ca1.1Sr0.9SiO4 phosphors are discussed in detail.

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