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Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
Vol.
66, 2013; Pages: 1 - 9

Plant growth-promoting bacteria Bacillus amyloliquefaciensNBRISN13 modulates gene expression profile of leaf and rhizosphere community in rice during salt stress

Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal, Suchi Srivastava, Puneet Singh Chauhan, Karishma Seem, Aradhana Mishra, Sudhir Kumar Sopory

CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow 226001, India.

Abstract

Growth and productivity of rice and soil inhabiting microbial population is negatively affected by soil salinity. However, some salt resistant, rhizosphere competent bacteria improve plant health in saline stress. Present study evaluated the effect of salt tolerant Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NBRISN13 (SN13) inoculation on rice plants in hydroponic and soil conditions exposed to salinity. SN13 increased plant growth and salt tolerance (NaCl 200 mM) and expression of at least 14 genes under hydroponic and soil conditions in rice. Among these 14 genes 4 (NADP-Me2EREBPSOSIBADH and SERK1) were up-regulated and 2 (GIG andSAPK4) repressed under salt stress in hydroponic condition. In greenhouse experiment, salt stress resulted in accumulation of MAPK5 and down-regulation of the remaining 13 transcripts was observed. SN13 treatment, with or without salt gave similar expression for all tested genes as compared to control. Salt stress caused changes in the microbial diversity of the rice rhizosphere and stimulated population of betaine-, sucrose-, trehalose-, and glutamine-utilizing bacteria in salt-treated rice rhizosphere (SN13 + salt). The observations imply that SN13 confers salt tolerance in rice by modulating differential transcription in a set of at least 14 genes. Stimulation of osmoprotectant utilizing microbial population as a mechanism of inducing salt tolerance in rice is reported for the first time in this study to the best of our knowledge.

Keywords: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens; PGPB; Salt tolerance; Stress amelioration


 

 

 
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