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Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Volume 69, 2021, Pages 162-171

Enzymatic and non-enzymatic functional attributes of plant microbiome

Joyati Das1, Sunil Kumar Yadav1, Srayan Ghosh1, Kriti Tyagi1, Ankita Magotra, Aiswarya Krishnan Gopaljee Jha

Plant Microbe Interactions Laboratory, National Institute of Plant Genome Research, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, 110067, India.

Abstract

Microbiome plays an important role in plant growth and adaptation to various environmental conditions. The cross-talk between host plant and microbes (including microbe–microbe interactions) plays a crucial role in shaping the microbiome. Recent studies have highlighted that plant microbiome is enriched in genes encoding enzymes and natural products. Several novel antimicrobial compounds, bioactive natural products and lytic/degrading enzymes with industrial implications are being identified from the microbiome. Moreover, advancements in metagenomics and culture techniques are facilitating the development of synthetic microbial communities to promote sustainable agriculture. We discuss the recent advancements, opportunities and challenges in harnessing the full potential of plant microbiome.

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