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Handbook of Greener Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Compounds
2021, 109-136

Greener synthesis of enzymes from marine microbes using nanomaterials

Manoj Kumar Enamalaa, Murthy Chavalib,c, Sudhakar Reddy Pamanjid, Amala Tangellapallya, Rishibha Dixite, Meenakshi Singhf, Chandrasekhar Kuppamg

Bioserve Biotechnologies (India) Private Limited Unit, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.


The marine ecosystem is a massive source and home for countless microorganisms, several aquatic animals, and even higher plants and animals for many decades. A mutualistic relationship exists between the marine aquatic species as well as the marine microbes, which are mutually benefitted against each other (both prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes like bacteria, fungi, viruses, and even marine algae). During their life cycle, these organisms produce several enzymes, which are used in several of the industries for the well-being of humans and other living organisms. A number of enzymes currently available in the market are produced by these microbes in different pathways, possessing a special feature as well as characteristics required by several industries for preparation of materials. Variety of enzymes with special activities have been isolated from marine bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and other marine microorganisms by researchers in recent years, and some products already found industrial applications.

Keywords: Bioreactors, Enzymes, Green synthesis, Marine sources, Nanotechnology.

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