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Journal of Hazardous Materials
Volume 429, 2022, 128321

Gas sensing based on metal-organic frameworks: Concepts, functions, and developments

Rui Zhang, Lihui Lu, Yangyang Chang, Meng Liu

School of Environmental Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (Ministry of Education), Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China.

Abstract

Effective detection of pollutant gases is vital for protection of natural environment and human health. There is an increasing demand for sensing devices that are equipped with high sensitivity, fast response/recovery speed, and remarkable selectivity. Particularly, attention is given to the designability of sensing materials with porous structures. Among diverse kinds of porous materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) exhibit high porosity, high degree of crystallinity and exceptional chemical activity. Their strong host-guest interactions with guest molecules facilitate the application of MOFs in adsorption, catalysis and sensing systems. In particular, the tailorable framework/composition and potential for post-synthetic modification of MOFs endow them with widely promising application in gas sensing devices. In this review, we outlined the fundamental aspects and applications of MOFs for gas sensors, and discussed various techniques of monitoring gases based on MOFs as functional materials. Insights and perspectives for further challenges faced by MOFs are discussed in the end.

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