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World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Vol. 30, No
. 1, 2014; Page: 65 - 76

Diversity of cultivable fungi associated with Antarctic marine sponges and screening for their antimicrobial, antitumoral and antioxidant potential

Marlene Henríquez, Karen Vergara, Javiera Norambuena, Andrea Beiza, Felipe Maza, Pamela Ubilla, Ivanna Araya, Renato Chávez, Aurelio San-Martín, José Darias, María J. Darias, Inmaculada Vaca

Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Las Palmeras 3425, Ñuñoa, Santiago, Chile

Abstract

The diversity of sponge-associated fungi has been poorly investigated in remote geographical areas like Antarctica. In this study, 101 phenotypically different fungal isolates were obtained from 11 sponge samples collected in King George Island, Antarctica. The analysis of ITS sequences revealed that they belong to the phylum Ascomycota. Sixty-five isolates belong to the generaGeomycesPenicilliumEpicoccumPseudeurotiumThelebolusCladosporium, Aspergillus,Aureobasidium, Phoma, and Trichocladium but 36 isolates could not be identified at genus level. In order to estimate the potential of these isolates as producers of interesting bioactivities, antimicrobial, antitumoral and antioxidant activities of fungal culture extracts were assayed. Around 51 % of the extracts, mainly from the genus Geomyces and non identified relatives, showed antimicrobial activity against some of the bacteria tested. On the other hand, around 42 % of the extracts showed potent antitumoral activity, Geomyces sp. having the best performance. Finally, the potential of the isolated fungi as producers of antioxidant activity seems to be moderate. Our results suggest that fungi associated with Antarctic sponges, particularly Geomyces, would be valuable sources of antimicrobial and antitumoral compounds. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the biodiversity and the metabolic potential of fungi associated with Antarctic marine sponges.

Keywords: Antarctic sponges; Fungi; Geomyces sp.; Antimicrobial; Antitumoral; Antioxidant;


 
 
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