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Bacteria
Leptospira sp.
Disease
Leptospirosis
(Weil's syndrome, canicola fever, canefield fever, nanukayami fever, 7-day fever, Rat Catcher's Yellows, Fort Bragg fever, black jaundice, and Pretibial fever)
Symptoms

Symptoms can take 2 - 26 days (average 10 days) to develop, and may include:

  • Dry cough, Fever, Headache, Muscle pain, Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea Shaking chills

Less common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain, Abnormal lung sounds, Bone pain, Conjunctivitis, Enlarged lymph glands, Enlarged spleen or liver, Joint aches, Muscle rigidity, Muscle tenderness, Skin rash, Sore throat
Treatment

Medications to treat leptospirosis include:

  • Ampicillin, Ceftriaxone, Doxycycline, Penicillin, Complicated or serious cases may need supportive care or treatment in a hospital intensive care unit (ICU).
Preventive measures

Avoid areas of stagnant water, especially in tropical climates. If you are exposed to a high risk area, taking doxycycline or amoxicillin may decrease your risk of developing this disease.

 
 
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