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Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops
2021, 237-271

Sustainable Cultivation of GM Crops in the Age of Climate Change: A Global Perspective

Kadambini Das

Department of Botany, RLSY College, BRAB University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India.

Abstract

The world’s population is increasing day by day and concurrently, the agricultural productivity is decreasing due to the degradation of natural resources and climate change. Consequently, agricultural productivity, production stability, food security, and income are negatively affected. Based on the food consumption data and population growth rate, it has been projected that a 65% increase in agricultural productivity is required by 2050 to meet the needs of a rapidly growing population. Sustainable food production using viable agricultural practices, that do not further damage the environment, is the prime need of this time. The use of chemical fertilizers, although enhances productivity but because of their deleterious effects, cannot be used in the long run. Thus, a new innovative solution needs to be identified and propagated to tackle this. One such method, which can prove beneficial for conventional as well as organic farming methods, is the use of genetically modified crops (GMCs). In spite of this, GMCs and the technology itself is facing severe resistance from civil groups. The present chapter is an effort to answer the following questions (1) Do we need to rethink about modifications in our current agricultural practices?, (2) Is the use of GMCs in the context of the present and future challenges of the 21st century favorable?, and (3) How real is the problem regarding the use of GMCs?, and (4) Can climate-ready crops be developed for better adaptability to changing climatic conditions?

Keywords: climate change, climate-ready crops, crop wild relatives, developing countries, GM crops, superior alleles, sustainable development.

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