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Genetically Modified and Irradiated Food
2020, Pages 183-194

GM crops and conventional or organic agriculture coexistence in EU regulation


Director of Research, National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS), UMR 6297 “Droit et Changement Social” (Law and Social Change) Associated Professor, Faculty of Law of Nantes and IHEDREA (Paris), France.


Crop freedom is just a principle, a legal fiction. Numerous scientific reports and policy documents have already shown that genetically modified, conventional, and organic crops cannot stay together in the same place. In this context, different ways might be followed: trying to escape from genetically modified organism legal definition, fight against genetically modified crops by legal or less legal means, trying to organize a new model of local governance for genetically modified zones, and overpass the debate giving to States members the power to prohibit genetically modified crops. All these ways will be considered in this paper.

Keywords:GM and non-GM crops coexistence; GM and non-GM zone; GM definition; GM local governance; GM opt out.

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