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APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
Vol. 73, No. 12, 2007; Pages:
3993–4000


Application of Flow Cytometry to Segregated Kinetic Modeling Based on the Physiological States of Microorganisms

Covadonga Quiros, Monica Herrero, Luis A. Garcia, and Mario Diaz*

Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, C/Julia´n Claveria s/n, 33071 Oviedo, Spain.


Abstract

Flow cytometry (FC) has been introduced to characterize and to assess the physiological states of microorganisms in conjunction with the classical plate-counting method. To show the applicability of the technique, in particular for the development of kinetic models, pure culture fermentation experiments were followed over time, using both prokaryotic (Lactobacillus hilgardii) and eukaryotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) microorganisms growing in standard culture media (MRS and YPD). The differences observed between the active and viable cells determined by FC and CFU, respectively, allowed us to determine that a large number of cells were in a viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state, which resulted in a subpopulation much larger than the damaged-cell (double-stained) subpopulation. Finally, the determination of the evolution of viable, the VBNC, and the dead cells allowed us to develop a segregated kinetic model to describe the yeast and the bacteria population dynamics and glucose consumption in batch cultures. This model, more complete than that which is traditionally used, based only on viable cell measurements, describes better the behavior and the functionality of the cultures, giving a deeper knowledge in real time about the status and the course of the bioprocesses.

Keywords:Flowcytometry,Lactobacillus hilgardii,Saccharomyces cerevisiae,prokaryotic,eukaryotic,microorganisms,viable but nonculturable,Candida bombicola,crops.


Corresponding author: Tel 34 985 103439. Fax 34 985 103434

E-mail: mariodiaz@uniovi.es

 

 
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