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Nanomaterials for Biocatalysis
2022, Pages 211-235

Nanostructured organic supports

Mailin Misson1, Hu Zhang2

Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.


The increasing demand for green and sustainable processes has sparked great interest for enzyme applications. Enzymes are promising biocatalysts for numerous applications including in food. industry, agricultural, and pharmaceutical because of their exquisite activity, specificity, and selectivity. However, high cost of operation associated with enzyme production and purification are the major bottlenecks in large scale application. Enzyme immobilization promotes easy handling of enzymes and guarantees for biocatalyst recovery and reuse, making the production process more efficient and economical. This chapter reviews the recent development of enzyme immobilization on nanostructured organic supports including polymeric nanofibers, nanoparticles, nanogels or micelles, and organic/inorganic hybrid supports. The strategies for immobilizing enzymes onto the carriers and the stability and catalytic activity of the immobilized enzymes are discussed. The biocatalysts’ performance upon immobilization using different supports and techniques is highlighted. Finally, the challenges and future prospectives of nanostructured organic supports for biocatalysis are addressed.

Keywords: Nanobiocatalysis, organic nanosupports, polymeric nano fibers, polymeric nanoparticles, polymeric micelles, inorganic-organic hybrid supports.

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