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Chemico-Biological Interactions
Vol. 242, 2015, Pages: 45–49

Electrochemical enzyme-less urea sensor based on nano-tin oxide synthesized by hydrothermal technique

S.G. Ansari, H. Fouad, Hyung-Shik Shin, Z.A. Ansari

Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, 110025, India.


Nano-Tin oxide was synthesized using hydrothermal method at 150 °C for 6 h and then thin films were deposited by electrophoretic method at an optimized voltage of 100 V for 5 min on electropolished aluminum substrate. Spherical particles of about 30–50 nm diameters are observed with partial agglomeration when observed under electron microscope, which are tetragonal rutile structure. XPS results showed peaks related to Sn 4d, Sn 3d, O 1s & C 1s with spin–orbit splitting of 8.4 eV for Sn 3d. Feasibility studies of enzyme less urea sensing characteristics of nano-tin oxide thin films are exhibited herein. The deposited films have been used for enzyme less urea sensing from 1 to 20 mM concentration in buffer solution. The sensors were characterized electrochemically to obtain cyclic voltammogram as a function of urea concentration and scan rate. The sensitivity is estimated as 18.9 μA/mM below 5 mM and 2.31 μA/mM above 5 mM with a limit of detection of 0.6 mM.

Keywords: Enzyme-less; Urea sensor; Tin oxide; Hydrothermal; Electrophoretic deposition; Surface composition.

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