8 2 8 6 5 2 1 2 g
Home About us MoEF Contact us Sitemap Tamil Website  
About Envis
Whats New
Research on Microbes
Microbiology Experts
Online Submission
Access Statistics

Site Visitors

blog tracking

Food Chemistry
Vol. 221, 2017, Pages: 1637–1641

Development of a laboratory technique for the evaluation of protease enzymes activity in goat and sheep milk

Raffaele Palomba, Giorgio Formisano, Assunta Arrichiello, Giuseppe Auriemma, Fiorella Sarubbi

Institute for Animal Production System in Mediterranean Environment, National Research Council, Via Argine, 1085, 80147 Naples, Italy.


The shelf life of milk and its products is strongly influenced by the quality of raw milk. Several bacteria present in raw milk can produce proteases: among them, those from psychotropic microorganisms (e.g. Bacillus subtilis), which produce enzymes under refrigeration, cause the most serious problem. The interaction of these enzymes with the milk proteins and the main proteolytic enzymes becomes important in determining the quality of the milk. An artificial substrate (azocasein) was used to quantify the enzyme activity through the release of a chromogenic product that was measured spectrophotometrically after clarifying the sample by the addition of trichloroacetic acid. The detection limit and quantification limit were 1.43 and 4.77 mg/ml respectively for sheep milk and, 2.25 and 7.5 mg/ml respectively for goat milk. This method is useful for determining the proteolytic activity in different media and its effectiveness depends on chemical-nutritional characteristics of the sample.

Keywords: Protease activity; Sheep milk; Goat milk; Azocasein.

Copyright © 2005 ENVIS Centre ! All rights reserved
This site is optimized for 1024 x 768 screen resolution