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Valorization of Biomass to Bioproducts
2023, 323-348

Biobased enzymes for environmental remediation

Shilpi Srivastavaa, Monika Sharmab, Nagendra Pratap Singhc

Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Campus, Lucknow, India.


The increased human population along with environmentally disastrous activities like industrialization, burning of fossil fuels, urbanization, technological revolution, deforestation, modern agricultural practices, mining, and exploration has resulted in the deterioration in the quality of the natural environment. Environmental pollution has become a global problem that is increasingly affecting ecosystems, growth, and productivity of different life forms along with a decline in environmental quality. Bioremediation is a cost-effective and efficient technology that makes use of living organisms to degrade the pollutants and convert them into less toxic forms, thus detoxifying or rendering the contaminants harmless. Enzymatic bioremediation is an emerging technique that involves utilization of naturally occurring enzymes obtained from microorganisms or plants for the degradation or removal of harmful, undesirable, and recalcitrant environmental pollutants from contaminated sites. The current chapter throws light on the use of enzymes in cleaning up the contaminated environment.

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