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Genomics Data
Vol. 11, 2017, Pages: 81–84

Genetic identification of marine eels through DNA barcoding from Parangipettai coastal waters

Samuel Peninal, Janakiraman Subramanian, Alaganatham Elavarasi, Murugaiyan Kalaiselvam

Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Anguilliformes, also known as “true eels”, are an ecologically diverse group of predominantly marine origin whose members were easily recognized by their extremely elongated bodies with reduced cross-sectional areas and universal lack of pelvic fins. The Marine Eels were collected from landing centres of Parangipettai coastal waters and identified based on their morphometric and meristic characters. The newly recorded species were used for the barcoding analysis. Information on molecular taxonomy of marine eels was very meagre and hence, the present study was aimed to study the barcoding of marine eels which were present along the southeast coast of India. The cube of lateral muscle was exercised for DNA isolation followed by its amplification. Cluster IX 2.06 was used to align the nucleotide sequences (Thomson, 1997). The evolutionary history was inferred using the Neighbor-Joining method (Saitou and Nei, 1987). The evolutionary distances were computed using the Maximum Composite Likelihood method (Tamura et al., 2004). The barcodes sequences were submitted in NCBI (National centre for Biotechnological Information). The species within genera of Muraenidae, Muraenesocidae and Ophichthidae family were clustered in a same clade with high bootstrap value. The evolutionary relationships of six species were analyzed using neighbor joining method. This results of phylogenetic tree showed maximum genetic relatedness with the sequenced results which were submitted in gene bank.

Keywords: Barcoding; COXI; Marine eels; Nucleotide analysis; Anguillidae; Parangipettai.

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