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Environmental Science and Pollution Research
2016, Pages: 1–12

Effect of the edaphic factors and metal content in soil on the diversity of Trichoderma spp

Gordana Racic, Péter Körmöczi, László Kredics, Vera Raicevic, Beba Mutavdžic, Miroslav M. Vrvic, Dejana Pankovic

Faculty of Environmental Protection, Educons University, Sremska Kamenica, Serbia.

Abstract

Influence of edaphic factors and metal content on diversity of Trichoderma species at 14 different soil sampling locations, on two depths, was examined. Forty-one Trichoderma isolates from 14 sampling sites were determined as nine species based on their internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Our results indicate that weakly alkaline soils are rich sources of Trichoderma strains. Also, higher contents of available K and P are connected with higher Trichoderma diversity. Increased metal content in soil was not inhibiting factor for Trichoderma species occurrence. Relationship between these factors was confirmed by locally weighted sequential smoothing (LOESS) nonparametric smoothing analysis. Trichoderma strain (Szeged Microbiology Collection (SZMC) 22669) from soil with concentrations of Cr and Ni above remediation values should be tested for its potential for bioremediation of these metals in polluted soils.

Keywords:Biodiversity, Edaphic factors, Metals, Internal transcribed spacer, Trichoderma, LOESS.

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