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Protozoa
Cryptosporidium sp.
Disease
Cryptosporidiosis
Symptoms
Infections most frequent in juveniles and in cases of immunodeficiency (see HIV, SIV); secondary infection due to disease from other pathogenic agents which influence the immune system. Symptoms: gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, severe exsiccosis, indigestion, loss of weight, sometimes colic, disturbance of motility. Abdominal seizures. In Loris: symptoms of excitement, reduced food consumption, increasing weakness, death. No increase of thirst observed (n=1, old specimen). Severe inflammation of liver and gall bladder
Treatment

In humans: no chemotherapy known; typical medicine against Coccidiosis and amoeba ineffective (Mehlhorn, pers. comm.,). For domestic animals: Lasalocid (for calves 15 mg/kg, for lambs 5 mg/kg for 3 days), in addition electrolyte solution for replacing the water; Buscopan against colic, if necessary

Preventive measures
Common; mainly oral infection from faeces of infected calves. Sick animals emit larger quantities of ooczysts, especially in the middle of the 14-day-period of disease; in sufficient humidity these remain infectious for 6 months. Prevention by removal of faeces, cleaning with hot steam, disinfection for instance with Lysococ
 
 
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