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Fungi
Cryptococcus neoformans
Disease
Cryptococcosis
Symptoms
  • Blurred vision or double vision (diplopia)
  • Bone pain or tenderness of the breastbone (sternum)
  • Chest pain
  • Confusion
  • Cough -- dry
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Skin rash, including pinpoint red spots (petechiae), ulcers, or other skin lesions
  • Sweating -- unusual, excessive at night
  • Swollen glands
  • Unintentional weight loss
Treatment

Some infections require no treatment. Even so, there should be regular check-ups for a full year to make sure the infection has not spread. If there are lung lesions or the disease spreads, antifungal medications are prescribed. These drugs may need to be taken for a long time.
Medications include:

  • Amphotericin B
  • Flucytosine
  • Fluconazole
Preventive measures

Take the lowest doses of corticosteroid medications possible. Practice safe sex to reduce the risk of getting HIV and the infections associated with a weakened immune system.

 
 
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