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Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry
Vol. 39, 2014; Page: 81 - 100

Recent Trends in Bioremediation

Asha A. Juwarkar, Rashmi R. Misra, Jitendra K. Sharma

Eco-System Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nehru Marg, Nagpur, 440020, India.


Growing technologies and in turn the industrialization have led to tremendous increase in use of chemicals and their release into the environment which poses threat to human and other biota. In the recent past, biological treatment processes such as bioremediation have gained popularity in removing these chemicals from the environment, since they offer a cost-effective and eco-friendly alternative to conventional chemical techniques. In spite of all fascinating properties associated with the traditional bioremediation processes, intricacies associated with the treatment of complex compounds still is a big question. Some of the recent advances in biotechnologies helped researchers to solve this question, but most of these technologies are still applicable at lab scale. There is a great need to bring these technologies to field applications. Some of these biotechnologies if hybridized with one another or with traditional methods may give a promising platform to enhance bioremediation processes. This chapter emphasizes on recent trends in bioremediation processes and their application in solving removal of complex compounds from environment.



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