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Journal of Environmental Management
Volume 307, 2022, 114557

Isolation of functional bacterial strains from chromium-contaminated site and bioremediation potentials

Wenfang Chena,1, Wenbo Lib,1

The First Institute of Geo-environment Survey of Henan, Zhengzhou, 450045, PR China.

Abstract

In this study, two Cr(VI)-reducing functional bacterial strains (TJ-1 and TJ-5) were successfully isolated and screened from the chromium-contaminated soil from a real site. The 16S rRNA gene sequences were analysed, which showed high similarity (>99%) with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (TJ-1) and Brucella intermedius (TJ-5) species. The optimum growth for the two bacteria to reduce Cr(VI) were achieved at pH 7.0 and initial inoculation amount of 5%. The two strains were applied to real contaminated soil samples and showed better Cr removal when external carbon sources were added. Using sawdust as a solid-phase carbon source supplement, both TJ-1 and TJ-5 showed higher remediation efficiency (99.77% and 93.86%) than using glucose as the carbon source (68.56% and 70.87%). Results of the stability of soil Cr(VI) bioremediation revealed that the water-soluble Cr(VI) content of bioremediated sample remained unchanged, indicating that Cr(VI) is not easily released after death of the strains. Solid-phase carbon source supplements may help the cells to attach and grow into biofilms, creating a better growth condition which improved the remediation efficiency. Column experiments showed that the total remediation efficiencies by the two strains were 34.23% and 20.63%, respectively, within a short time period (76 h). Therefore, the two strains showed great bioremediation potentials for chromium-contaminated sites and can be used in future application of in-situ bioremediation.

Keywords: Chromium-contaminated site, Cr(VI)-Reducing bacteria, Microbial remediation, Strain isolation.

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