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Basic Biotechniques for Bioprocess and Bioentrepreneurship
2023, 391-413

Waste management and environment

Aakarsha Handa, Paulraj Rajamani

School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Bioprocessing industries contribute to waste management by valorization of organic waste, but at the same time, also end up generating a lot of solid, liquid, and gaseous waste. Many bioprocessing industries like biopharmaceutical industries, biochemical industries, bio-based food industries, and biofuel production industries often end up contaminating the environment with single-use plastic, liquid effluents, and greenhouse gas emissions. This waste, if accumulated, can cause negative impact on terrestrial and aquatic life as well as the environment. It is the need of the hour to manage the waste efficiently to save the environment from further deterioration. Many methods have been developed that manage waste by converting it into value-added products. The current predicament of the environment calls for the life-cycle assessment of all goods being used to manufacture new value-added products via bioprocessing so that their potential to cause harm to the environment in their entire course of life can be evaluated. The present processes of development need to be made more sustainable. This calls for the incorporation of a circular bioeconomy that focuses on the principles of minimization, reuse, recycle, and remanufacture to ensure that economic development remains environmentally friendly. This chapter gives an insight into the different types of bioprocessing industries, their contribution to waste, the effects they have on the environment and different strategies to manage and dispose of the waste, ensuring a more sustainable development.

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