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Science of The Total Environment
Volume 817, 2022, 152986

Optimal design of a multi-dimensional validated synergistic extraction process for the treatment of atmosphere-vacuum distillation wastewater

Wende Tiana, Zhe Lia, Dongwu Suic, Ye Taoa, Zhe Cuia, Bin Liua

College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, PR China.

Abstract

The wastewater discharged from atmosphere-vacuum distillation of oil refining process contains a high concentration of phenolic compounds, which are toxic and not eco-friendly. Direct discharge of the untreated wastewater will have an adverse impact on the surrounding environment. This paper proposes a multi-dimensional synergistic extraction solution to realize the effective disposal of atmosphere-vacuum distillation wastewater. Firstly, extraction experiments are conducted to select the optimal extractant. Secondly, the microscopic mechanism of separating phenolic compounds from wastewater with synergistic extractant of methyl isobutyl ketone and n-pentanol is investigated by molecular dynamics simulation. Finally, the synergistic extraction process is modeled and optimized based on above multi-dimensional analyses. The optimization is performed through sensitivity analysis from three aspects: operating parameters, synergistic extractant cycling, and waste heat recovery. A control scheme is then designed to maintain the smooth operation of synergistic extraction process. Feed disturbances are specifically added to test the anti-interference capability of the control scheme. With the novel treatment process proposed in this paper, the removal rate of phenolic compounds from atmosphere-vacuum distillation wastewater reaches 93.02%.

Keywords: Atmosphere-vacuum distillation wastewater, Extraction experiments, Molecular dynamics simulation, Synergistic extraction.

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