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Chemosphere
Volume 314, 2023, 137655

Manganese-driven bioprocess for simultaneous removal of nitrogen and organic contaminants from polluted waters

Yingying Lia,b, Yongze Liua,b, Li Fenga,b, Liqiu Zhanga,b

Beijing Key Lab for Source Control Technology of Water Pollution, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China.

Abstract

Water pollutants, such as nitrate and organics have received much attention for their harms to ecological environment and human health. The redox transformation between Mn(Ⅱ) and Mn(Ⅳ) for nitrogen and organics removal have been recognized for a long time. Mn(Ⅱ) can act as inorganic electron donor to drive autotrophic denitrification so as to realize simultaneous removal of Mn(Ⅱ), nitrate and organic pollutants. Mn oxides (MnOx) also play an important role in the adsorption and degradation of some organic contaminants and they can change or create new oxidation pathways in the nitrogen cycle. Herein, this paper provides a comprehensive review of nitrogen and organic contaminants removal pathways through applying Mn(Ⅱ) or MnOx as forerunners. The main current knowledge, developments and applications, pollutants removal efficiency, as well as microbiology and biochemistry mechanisms are summarized. Also reviewed the effects of factors such as the carbon source, the environmental factors and operation conditions have on the process. Research gaps and application potential are further proposed and discussed. Overall, Mn-based biotechnology towards advanced wastewater treatment has a promising prospect, which can achieve simultaneous removal of nitrogen and organic contaminants, and minimize sludge production.

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