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Journal of Biotechnology
Vol. 212, 2015, Pages: 71–89

Integrative Utilization of Microenvironments, Biomaterials and Computational Techniques for Advanced Tissue Engineering

Amir Shamloo, Negar Mohammadaliha, Mina Mohseni

Center of Excellence in Energy Conversion (CEEC), School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11155-9567, Tehran, Iran.


This review aims to propose the integrative implementation of microfluidic devices, biomaterials, and computational methods that can lead to a significant progress in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine researches. Simultaneous implementation of multiple techniques can be very helpful in addressing biological processes. Providing controllable biochemical and biomechanical cues within artificial extracellular matrix similar to in vivo conditions is crucial in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine researches. Microfluidic devices provide precise spatial and temporal control over cell microenvironment. Moreover, generation of accurate and controllable spatial and temporal gradients of biochemical factors is attainable inside microdevices. Since biomaterials with tunable properties are a worthwhile option to construct artificial extracellular matrix, in vitro platforms that simultaneously utilize natural, synthetic, or engineered biomaterials inside microfluidic devices are phenomenally advantageous to experimental studies in the field of tissue engineering. Additionally, collaboration between experimental and computational methods is a useful way to predict and understand mechanisms responsible for complex biological phenomena. Computational results can be verified by using experimental platforms. Computational methods can also broaden the understanding of the mechanisms behind the biological phenomena observed during experiments. Furthermore, computational methods are powerful tools to optimize the fabrication of microfluidic devices and biomaterials with specific features. Here we present a succinct review of the benefits of microfluidic devices, biomaterial, and computational methods in the case of tissue engineering and regeneration medicine. Furthermore, some breakthroughs in biological phenomena including the neuronal axon development, cancerous cell migration and blood vessel formation via angiogenesis by virtue of the aforementioned approaches are discussed.

Keywords: Microfluidic device; Biomaterial; Computational methods; Tissue engineering; Extracellular matrix.

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