Home About us MoEF Contact us Sitemap Tamil Website  
About Envis
Whats New
Research on Microbes
Microbiology Experts
Online Submission
Access Statistics

Site Visitors

blog tracking

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume 46 (21), 2021, Pages 11564-11572

Heat-acclimatised strains of Rhodopseudomonas palustris reveal higher temperature optima with concomitantly enhanced biohydrogen production rates

Jan-Pierre du Toit, Robert W.M. Pott

Department of Process Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Banghoek Road, Stellenbosch, 7599, South Africa.


Temperature is a critical parameter for bioprocess performance, requiring careful optimisation for peak efficiency. Green biohydrogen production via photofermentation by purple nonsulfur bacteria including Rhodopseudomonas palustris has been extensively researched, yet realisation is limited by comparatively low productivity. We thus assessed the growth and hydrogen productivity of two closely-related strains of R. palustris acclimated to higher temperatures, revealing markedly increased strain-dependent optima than the 30°C previously accepted. Strain CGA009 grew 53% faster at 35°C, with 2.4-fold higher hydrogen production rate, while at 40°C strain ATH 2.1.37 displayed 86% faster growth and 4-fold higher production rate, along with improved specific production and substrate conversion efficiency. These results reaffirm the necessity of pre-acclimation when verifying temperature optima and expand the feasible temperature range for advancement of high-rate biohydrogen production. Further, the superior heat resistance and production capability of strain ATH 2.1.37 raises the potential for further efficiency gains from thermotolerant environmental isolates.

Keywords: Biohydrogen, Photofermentation, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Heat acclimation, Process optimisation

Copyright © 2005 ENVIS Centre ! All rights reserved
This site is optimized for 1024 x 768 screen resolution