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Bioresource Technology
Volume 376, 2023, 128836

Genome-guided approaches and evaluation of the strategies to influence bioprocessing assisted morphological engineering of Streptomyces cell factories

Khushbooa, Mony Thakura, Punit Kumarc

Department of Biotechnology, Central University of Haryana, Mahendergarh 123031, India.

Abstract

Streptomyces genera serve as adaptable cell factories for secondary metabolites with various and distinctive chemical structures that are relevant to the pharmaceutical industry. Streptomyces’ complex life cycle necessitated a variety of tactics to enhance metabolite production. Identification of metabolic pathways, secondary metabolite clusters, and their controls have all been accomplished using genomic methods. Besides this, bioprocess parameters were also optimized for the regulation of morphology. Kinase families were identified as key checkpoints in the metabolic manipulation (DivIVA, Scy, FilP, matAB, and AfsK) and morphology engineering of Streptomyces. This review illustrates the role of different physiological variables during fermentation in the bioeconomy coupled with genome-based molecular characterization of biomolecules responsible for secondary metabolite production at different developmental stages of the Streptomyces life cycle.

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