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Fuel
Volume 347, 2023, 128465

Bioconversion of Sargassum wightii to ethanol via consolidated bioprocessing using Lachnoclostridium phytofermentans KSM 1203

S. Kavithaa, T. Gajendranb, K. Saranyaa

Department of Biotechnology, Adhiyamaan College of Engineering, Hosur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Contemporary studies suggest that macroalgal biomass is an attractive and alternate source for ethanol production to replace fossil fuel. Sargassum wightii, a brown macroalgae, rich in cellulose is suitable for bioethanol production. This investigation focused on the pretreatment, enzyme saccharification and fermentation for bioethanol production through consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) using Lachnoclostridium phytofermentans KSM 1203 isolate. The cellulose extraction from S. wightii biomass and essential medium components for L. phytofermentans KSM 1203 were optimized using Response Surface Methodology. The alkali pretreatment on S. wightii biomass removed lignin and hemicelluloses with the cellulose recovery of 82.35%. The sodium hyphochlorite treatment removes other contaminants, results the semi crystalline to amorphous cellulose structure. The optimized medium components for L. phytofermentans KSM 1203 was found to be pre-treated biomass 3.92 g/L, peptone 2.21 g/L, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate 1.84 g/L and sodium chloride 2.03 g/L and for the growth and co-production of cellulase activity and ethanol productivity. The maximum bioethanol yield was obtained under the optimal conditions to be 13.75 ± 0.687 g/L for L. phytofermentans KSM 1203 from pre-treated S. wightii biomass. Hence, this investigation suggests that wild type L. phytofermentans KSM 1203 strain could be exploited for the utilization of cellulose for production ethanol in a single-step CBP procedure.

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