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Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
2022, 189-216

Integrated processing of soybean in a circular bioeconomy

Susan Grace Karp1, Luciana Porto de Souza Vandenberghe1, Maria Giovana Binder Pagnoncelli2

Department of Bioprocess Engineering and Biotechnology, Federal University of Paraná, Polytechnic Center, Curitiba, Brazil.

Abstract

Soybean is one of the most abundant and cheap sources of high-quality vegetable protein. The most important suppliers of this commodity, as predicted for 2020/2021, are Brazil, the United States, and Argentina, with 131, 112, and 53 million tons, respectively. China is expected to remain the greatest consumer (112 million tons). The main products obtained from soybean are the oil, the defatted bran, lecithin, and in some cases the protein-concentrate bran. Soybean hulls (SBH) and soybean molasses are the main residues to be valorized in a soybean biorefinery. This chapter will present the industrial processing of soybean, the variety of soy-derived products, and the possible valorization strategies for SBH and molasses. Socioeconomic and environmental aspects within the soybean production chain will be addressed in a circular bioeconomy approach.

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